Mountaineering is a disciplined sport that consists of overcoming the difficulties encountered while climbing a mountain (slope or wall ): the rise can take place on rocks, snow, ice, and mixed routes, also using technical climbing on rock or ice. The etymology of the word refers to the Alps and to first attempts to climb its significant peaks.
The world climbing championships are organized every two years by the International Climbing Federation. This event designates the world champions, male and female, in the three disciplines of this sport: difficulty, bouldering, and speed.
The first world climbing championships were organized in 1991 in Frankfurt, Germany, by the UIAA. Difficulty and speed tests were on the program. Speed competitions had existed in the USSR since the late 1940s, and difficulty competitions had been organized since 1985, first in Europe, then also in Japan and the United States. The organization of the world championships has been renewed every two years.
In 1997, the UIAA created a new structure dedicated to the organization of climbing competitions: the ICC (International Council for Competition Climbing). The 2001 edition sees the appearance in the program of a bouldering test. The first international competitions in this discipline had appeared a few years earlier.
In 2007, the UIAA supported the creation of an international federation to govern climbing competitions. It is the International Climbing Federation (or in English IFSC, International Federation of Sport Climbing), which organizes, since then, the world championships.
After the 2011 world championships, an intermediate edition is scheduled for 2012 to avoid interfering with the climbing events of the 2013 World Games (anteroom to the Olympic Games).
The 2012 Climbing World Championships took place at the Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy, in France, from September 12 to 16, 2012, with 512 participating athletes and in front of 16,000 spectators.
For the 2014 edition, the World Block Championships events have been separated from the other handicap, speed and climbing tests for disabled 1, with a block test in Munich (Germany) and the other tests in Gijón (Spain). ).